Pope Martin IV; Simon de Brie

[coat of arms of Pope Martin IV] Reigned from 1281 to 1285. Born in Montpensier, France; died in 1285 in Perugia, Italy. He was a cardinal-priest, chancellor of France, and later papal legate to that country where he carried out needed disciplinary reforms. After his election at Viterbo he was unable to go to Rome for his coronation because of the anti-French spirit there. Later, by supporting Charles of Anjou against Emperor Michael Palreologus, he broke the union of the Eastern and Western Churches effected in 1274. To save Sicily for France after the Sicilian Vespers he excommunicated Pedro III of Aragon, whom the Sicilians had elected king.

New Catholic Dictionary

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