# mathematics

(Greek: *mathematikos*, disposed to learn)

A science consisting of two main divisions: pure mathematics, restricted to the abstract science which by the deductive system examines the conclusions necessarily involved in the idea of numerical and spatial relations, and which includes arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus; and applied mathematics, which treats of the application of the abstract principles of pure mathematics to the concrete, and which comprehends branches of astronomy, physics, etc.
The following have distinguished themselves in the fields of pure and applied mathematics.

**CATHOLICS**
- Balzano, Berhard
- Binet, Jacques Philippe Marie
- Cauchy, Augustin Louis
- Clavius, Christopher
- Descartes, Rene
- Dupin, Charles
- Hermite, Charles
- Laplace, Pierre Simon
- Oresme, Nicole
- Pascal, Blaise
- Vieta, Francois

**OTHER CHRISTIAN MATHEMATICIANS**
New Catholic Dictionary