Lazzaro Spallanzani

[Lazzaro Spallanzani] Catholic priest and biologist. Born on 10 January 1729 in Scandiano, Modena, Italy; died 12 February 1799 in Pavia, Italy. He was professor of natural history in the University of Pavia which he enriched by collections made on his scientific journeys to Switzerland and along the Mediterranean. His studies of Vesuvius and the volcanos of Sicily and the Lipari Islands are valuable, but his biological work, especially on regeneration, is more important. Renowned for his physiological researches. Made the first correct explanation of the nature of spermatozoa and of the physiological process of digestion. Proved the falsity of the doctrine of spontaneous generation of life, and proved the regeneration of matter.

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