A North American Indian tribe, the most easterly of the Iroquois confederation, represented in the federal council by nine chiefs, three from each clan. Their villages were in the Mohawk valley, their territory extending north towards the Saint Lawrence River; east to the Schoharie creek; south to the eastern branch of the Susquehanna River Champlain met them at Tadousae; the Dutch in 1626 were defeated by them; Father Jogues and his companion, John Lalande, suffered martyrdom at their hands, 1646, another companion, Rene Goupil, having already been put to death, 1642. Obtaining fire-arms from the Dutch, they spread terror far and wide and conquered the Mohegans, Delawares, and Munsee, and continued down the Mississippi and Hudson Rivers. They suffered much during the French and Indian Wars, and aided the British dllring the Revolution, after which they moved to Canada. The remaining few ceded their lands to the state of New York and are now at the Bay of Quinté, the settlement at Gibson, and the Grand Reservation.

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