archdiocese of Nanjing, China
The see city's name is also spelled Nanking and Nan-Ching; it is the capital of China's Jiangsu Province, and is the former capital of all of China.
The first Catholic mission was established by Matteo Ricci, 1599.
It became a vicariate Apostolic, l668, and a diocese in 1690, in the appointment of the King of Portugal.
The diocese was suppressed in 1856.
A new Vicariate Apostolic of Kiangnan was created on 21 January 1856 and confided to French Jesuits; it comprised the civil province of Kiangsu; residence, Shanghai.
The name was changed to the Vicariate Apostolic of Kiangsu on 8 August 1921.
The name was changed to the Vicariate Apostolic of Nanking on 1 May 1922.
Elevated to the archdiocese of Nanjing on 11 April 1946.
The Marist Brothers conduct
- Aurora University, Shanghai
- Saint Ignatius College, Zikawei
- Little Seminary, Zikawei
- Theological Seminary, Zikawei
The Daughters of Charity maintain
- Saint Francis Xavier's College
- College of Joan of Arc, Shanghai
The Helpers of the Holy Souls have boarding and day schools in Shanghai; an Apostolic school, Christian, and pagan boarding schools at Zikawei.
- Saint Mary's Hospital, Shanghai
- Saint Joseph's Civil Hospital, Shanhai
The Franciscan Missionaries of Mary have charge of the General Hospital, Shanghai; the European Hospital; and a Chinese dispensary.
The Carmelites work from Tousewe.
The Little Sisters of the Poor, at Tungkadou maintain a home for old men.
Presentandines sisters run native schools.
The Little Brothers of Mary have a college of secondary studies for Europeans, Nanking.
New Catholic Dictionary