[map of Nicaragua] Republic in Central America; population 5,400,000. Spanish explorers and conquerors in the 16th century brought with them missionaries, and in 1534 the Diocese of Nicaragua (now Managua) was erected. Until 1822 the country was part of the Spanish province of Guatemala. It became an independent republic in 1840. Church and State are separate, and the constitution guarantees freedom to all forms of religious worship, but special privileges to none. Champlain recommended constructing a canal across the country early in the 17th century, and Admiral Ammen, as head of a commission appointed by the United States government, advocated this in his report, 1872.

Ecclesiastically the country is governed by the archdiocese of the dioceseses of and the vicariage apostolic of See also
New Catholic Dictionary

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