The name given to an effort, originating c.1833, at the University of Oxford, to restore to the Church of England certain primitive and Catholic teachings and practises, though without, in the aim of most of its adherents, uniting it with Rome.
The attempts since the time of Elizabeth to satisfy all parties within the Established Church, and the State supremacy, had left it far from such a norm, and it was the desire of the Oxford leaders to bring it back.
Among the first to be connected with the movement was John Keble, author of .
He was associated with Hurrell Froude and John Henry Newman (afterwards cardinal).
Later they were joined by Edward Bouverie Pusey, professor of Hebrew and a man of great learning.
His association with the movement made it respected even by its foes, and "Puseyism" became its common designation.
The "Tracts for the Times" written by its leaders were a series of doctrinal and practical papers designed to set forth its aims, and had great effect in crystallising its teachings.
"Tract 90," the last, openly advocated Roman teachings and precipitated a storm during which Newman entered the Catholic Church.
The Oxford Movement did not, however, die out.
Its influence on Anglican thought has been profound and is the basis of later "Anglo-Catholic" teaching.
The social and missionary work of Anglicanism owes much of its revival to the followers of this movement, the consecration of whose lives to the cause has spurred such effort among all parties in the Anglican communion.
New Catholic Dictionary