Johann Friedrich Overbeck

[Johann Friedrich Overbeck] Religious painter; born Lubeck, Germany on 4 July 1789; died Rome, Italy, 1869. After studying in Vienna he went to Rome, 1810, where he founded, with Friedrich Schadow and Peter von Cornelius, a school of painters called the "Nazarenes," who aimed to restore to religious painting the truth and spirituality of the Italian primitives. His art-study led him into the Church in 1811. His masterpiece, "Madonna of the Roses," is in the Portiuncula in Assisi; other noted works are frescoes depicting the "History of Joseph," and Tasso's "Jerusalem Delivered."

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