The privilege of patronage extended by the pope to the King of Portugal over three episcopal sees in India, and repeatedly recognized by declarations of Rome from 1534-1606. When vicars Apostolic were appointed over territories included under the Padroado, a struggle ensued between the clergy of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and that of the Padroado, both parties claiming canonical rights. Rome's repeated efforts to end the trouble were unsuccessful until in April 1928, an agreement between the Holy See and the Republic of Portugal suppressed the Padroado.

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