University of Padua

Said to have been established when part of the Studium of Bologna settled there, 1222. In 1274 by decrees of the Council of Lyons, it was given rights equal with those of Paris and Bologna; it acquired great renown and rivalled Bologna, especially in jurisprudence. The school of medicine was especially famed; the theological faculty was instituted by Pope Urban V, 1363. Always a cosmopolitan institution, attended by many Germans, when Venice came under Austrian domination, 1814, it was transformed. At present it has, besides the four ordinary faculties, a school of pharmacy and obstetrics, a school of applied engineering, scientific institutes, laboratories, a museum, botanical garden and observatory. Among its famous professors were the jurisconsults Alberto Galeotto. Guido Suzzara, Jacopo d'Arena, and Baldo; the canonists Jacopo da Piacenza and Francesco Zabarella; in medicine, Bruno da Longoburgo, Jacopo and Giovanni Dondi, Jacopo da ForIe, and Bialfio Pelacani; the philosophers Pier Paolo Vergerio and Antonio Trombetta; the hmmanists Rolandino, Giovanni da Ravenna, Francisco Filelfo, Vittorino da Feltre, and Lauro Quirino; and the eminent French Dominican theologian Hyacinthe Berry.

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