palatine prelate

Title of the highest prelates lof the pope's personal suite. They have the right of residence in the papal palace and are four in number: The office of auditor was discontinued as unnecessary by Pope Pius X. Previously the auditor advised the pope in consistorial and theological matters; later he had judicial power in civil and criminal cases, but since 1831 his duties had been severely restricted. Pope Benedict XV re-established the office in connection with the Apostolic Signatura.

New Catholic Dictionary

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