Capital of France. The Roman Lutetia, Paris became a Christian center at an early date, its first apostles being Saint Denis and his companions, Saint Rusticus and Saint Eleutherius. Through the intercession of Saint Genevieve, Paris was preserved from Attila's invasion, and under the Merovingian kings realized its widespread religious development, beginning with the conversion of Clovis. During the Carlovingian period, Paris was defended by the celebrated Bishop Goslin in the worst of the Norman invasions, 885. In the 10th and 11th centuries, the city had numerous churches and monasteries, and from the beginning of the 12th century the monastic schools of Notre Dame were famous, although the University of Paris was not founded until the reign of Philip II, 1215. The cathedral was. consecrated under Maurice de Sully, 1160-1196. The feast of the Immaculate Conception was celebrated in Paris as early as the 13th century, which, especially the reign of Saint Louis, was a period of great material prosperity, but the accession of the Valois began a turbulent time, eventually leading to the rise of Protestantism. Under the Gondi family which occupied the See of Paris for a century, religious congregations were widely developed. During the Revolution the life of the Church was suspended, the feast of Reason celebrated in Notre Dame, 1793, Catholic worship being resumed, 1802. Archbishop de Belloy reorganized religious life and worship, 1802-1808. During the Commune, 1872, Archbishop Darboy was slain. The Catholic University was created under Archbishop Guibert. Besides Notre Dame, the principal churches are Saint Germain I' Auxerrois, memorable for signaling the Massacre of Saint Bartholomew, Saint Leu, the Madeleine, which Napoleon wished to make a Temple of Glory, Saint Louis en l'lIe, Saint Laurent, Montmartre Basilica, Saint Sulpice, Saint Severin, and the Sorbonne, famous for the tomb of Richelieu. Distinguished abbeys include Saint Germain des Pres, Saint Victor, Saint Denis (the new church of which inaugurated the pointed arch of Gothic architecture), and Saint Jacques. There are eight principal pilgrimages in Paris, that of the tomb of Saint Genevieve being, perhaps, the most popular.

Paris is the seat of an archdiocese, administered since its foundation by 110 bishops and over 20 archbishops, seven of whom are saints. Founded in the 3rd century, it was elevated to an archdiocese on 20 October 1622. Suffragen dioceses include See also,
New Catholic Dictionary

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