patron

One who erects or maintains a benefice; if a church is necessary for a benefice, one who gives the land, builds the church and provides for its maintenance; or, one who does any of these three things. The right of patronage is the sum of rights and obligations of a person, the patron, in connection with the assignment or administration of a benefice. As this right is of a spiritual order, it is subject to ecclesiastical jurisdiction, though the property involved is a matter for the civil law and court. Patronage may be acquired by inheritance, presentation by the patron to another, by exchange, purchase, or prescrlption. The rights of patronage are:
New Catholic Dictionary

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