phanar

(Turkish: fanar, lighthouse, lantern)

Name of the court of the æcumenical patriarch of Constantinople, from the quarter of Constantinople (so called from a lighthouse on the Golden Horn) where he resides. It became the chief Greek quarter and the center of the Hellenistic spirit after the Turkish conquest; the patriarch practically took the place of the Eastern emperor, with the consent of the Turkish government, as regards the Greek Orthodox Christians in Turkey in Europe.

New Catholic Dictionary

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