(Latin: sanctio pragmatica, decree on public affairs)
An edict formally issued by the emperor, in the later period of the Roman Empire.
The name is also given to some famous edicts of the kings of France and Spain.
The following are the best known among these decrees:
- The Sanctio Pragmatica, said to have been issued by Saint Louis IX of France in 1269, dealing adversely with the papal fiscal and appointative powers in France.
- The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, 1438, issued by Charles VII of France, accepting much of the reforming decrees of the pseudo-council of Basel.
It was a law of the secular legislative power in a purely ecclesiastical affair.
Only in 1516 was it withdrawn.
- The German Pragmatic Sanction of 1439 issued by the diet of Frankfort, without, however, the ratification of the emperor.
It was somewhat similar to the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges.
- The Pragmatic Sanction of the Emperor Charles VI, 1719, reserving the Austrian hereditary lands to the female descendants, in case of the failure of male heirs.
- The Pragmatic Sanction of Charles III of Spain, 1759, which also dealt wIth the question of succession.
New Catholic Dictionary