(Hebrew: shabbathon, year of rest)
The seventh year devoted to a cessation of agriculture, and holding in the period of seven years a place analogous to that of the Sabbath in the week.
The three prescriptions enjoined were:
The object of the year was to impress on the people that the land was the Lord's and they only the tenants.
- all agricultural labor was to be suspended
- no debts could be exacted from an Israelite
- the law was to be read on the Feast of Tabernacles to all Israel
New Catholic Dictionary