University of Salamanca
Originated in the Cathedral School of the 12th century.
It was established as a royal foundation by King Alfonso IX, c.1230.
Confirmed by Pope Alexander IV in 1255, and placed under the direct control of the bishop.
The academic titles were given in the cathedral and, until 1830, in the name of the pope and the king.
The salaries of the professors were paid out of a special fund assigned to them by Ferdinand IV and Boniface VIII in 1300.
By the laws of 1845 the university was placed under control of the government.
New Catholic Dictionary