(Latin: Juvavum)

City in Austria. and former principality of the Holy Roman Empire. Barbarian invasions destroyed the beginning of Christianity in Salzburg, and it was only c.700 that a see was established by Saint Rupert of Worms. The diocese became an archbishopric in 798, and this period marks the beginning of the temporal sovereignty of the archbishops who obtained possession of an extensive territory and many secular privileges, including the coining of money. Through Conrad III (12th century) they received the rank of papal legate, and in 1278 were appointed princes of the empire by Rudolph of Hapsburg. The principality was secularized in 1802, made a duchy of the Austrian Empire in 1849, and is now part of the Austrian Republic. Known as the German Rome because of its Italian aspect, Salzburg possesses many old ecclesiastical buildings, including a Renaissance cathedral. The city is now the seat of an archdiocese. See also

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