A term commonly used in English to designate the medieval Scholastics.
It really has no equivalent but Scholastic in the other more important modern languages.
It is ordinarily applied to writers on theology and philosophy who taught in the schools and universities of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages.
The Schoolmen are held to have effected a synthesis of ancient philosophy and Christian revelation.
They were well versed in dialectics and metaphysics.
They were all quite familiar with the Scholastic Method and manifested a high regard for traditional teaching.
New Catholic Dictionary