(German: Scotch monasteries)

The monastic foundations of Irish and Scotch missionaries on the European continent, particularly the Scotch Benedictine monasteries in Germany. Sackingen in Baden, founded by Saint Fridolin, was the first of which we have record. Saint James's of Ratisbon, where Scotch monks came to settle in 1072, became the mother-house of a number of Schottenkloster of which only Erfurt and Würzburg remained in 1692. These two also were given up on the secularization or monasteries in 1803. Saint James's of Ratisbon gradually dwindled and was suppressed by Pope Pius IX in 1862.

New Catholic Dictionary

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