Republic founded in June 2006; during most of the 20th century the area had been part of the various incarnations of Yugoslavia.
The area maintained its independence from the Ottoman Empire for centuries.
From the 16th to 19th centuries, it was a theocratic state, ruled by bishop princes.
In 1852 it was transformed into a secular principality.
After World War I, Montenegro was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and fell with it to the Axis.
After World War II it became part of the Soviet puppet state of Yugoslavia.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was a member of a series of confederated states until voting for complete independece.
The largest Christian group in the country are the Eastern Orthodox.
Only about 2 per cent of the country is Catholic.
Ecclesiastically it is governed by the archdiocese of
New Catholic Dictionary