Reigned from 13 October 1534 to 10 November 1549. Born on 29 February 1468 as Alessandro Farnese in Rome or Canino, Italy (records vary); died on 10 November 1549 in Rome, Italy. A cardinal-deacon and member of a famous family, he was proficient in the learning of the Renaissance, the recipient of many benefices, and a diplomat. During his pontificate, which saw the complete restoration of Catholic faith and piety, he reformed the Apostolic Camera, the tribunal of the Rota, the Penitentiaria, and the Chancery; convened the Council of Trent, 1545, favored the newly-established orders of Capuchins, Barnabites, Theatines, Jesuits, Ursulines, etc., built the Pauline chapel, and sponsored Michelangelo’s work in the Sistine chapel.
- “Pope Paul III”. . Saints.SQPN.com. 23 August 2013. Web. 30 September 2014. <>