Reigned from 7 January 1566 to 1 May 1572. Born on 17 January 1504 in Bosco, Italy as Michele Ghislieri; died on 1 May 1572 in Rome, Italy. A Dominican and theologian. Bishop of Sutri. Cardinal. Inquisitor general for all Christendom before his election. During his pontificate he raised the standard of morality in Rome; enforced the discipline of the Council of Trent; continued the struggle against Protestantism and the Turks; whose domination of Europe ended with their defeat at Lepanto in 1571; condemned the writings of Baius; reformed the Breviary and the Missal; excommunicated Queen Elizabeth; and proclaimed the supremacy of the see in his Bull . Feast, Roman Calendar, 5 May.
- “Pope Saint Pius V”. . Saints.SQPN.com. 20 August 2013. Web. 25 December 2014. <>