(Teutonic: adalfuns, willing) Confessor, Doctor of the Church. Bishop of Sant’ Agata dei Goti, born Marianella, near Naples, Italy, 1696; died Nocera de’ Pagani, Italy, 1787. He took his degree of Doctor of Laws at sixteen, and practised successfully for eight years. Humiliated by failure to win an important case, he entered a missionary society of secular priests, the “Neapolitan Propaganda,” was ordained 21 December 1726, and devoted his time to missionary labors among the poor. In 1732, with the help of bishop Thomas Falcoia of Castellamare, he founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer at Scala. He occupied the See of Sant’ Agata dei Goti, 1762-1775, when he was permitted to retire. Enfeebled by illness and the constant struggle for recognition of his congregation by the civil authorities, Alphonsus continued to work diligently and practise mortification. As a moral theologian he advocated a middle course between rigorism and laxity. The fruits of his labors are treatises on theology, dogma, and asceticism, poetry, musical compositions, and letters. Canonized, 1839. Emblems: image of Virgin, rosary, monstrance. Feast, Roman Calendar, 2 August.