Confessor, Doctor of the Church, author of the Vulgate Edition of the Bible; born Stridon, Dalmatia, c.340; died Bethlehem, 420. He visited Rome, studied at Trier and Aquileia, and in 373 set out on a journey to the East. From 374 to 379 he led a life of seclusion and prayer in the desert of Chalcis. Returning to Antioch, he was ordained a priest. He was a friend of Saint Gregory Nazianzus, and through him came to study the Scriptures. After visiting Rome, and journeying through the Holy Land, he retired to a monastery in Bethlehem. There he prayed, fasted and labored on the Vulgate edition of the Bible. He also engaged actively in controversy with Bishop John of Jerusalem, opposing the doctrines of Origen and Pelagius. Saint Jerome’s remains are interred in the church of Saint Mary Major at Rome. Relics in Sistine chapel of Saint Mary Major, Rome. Feast, Roman Calendar, 30 September.