Pope Martin IV

[Pope Martin IV]
Also known as

  • Simon de Brie

Profile

Chancellor to King Louis IX of France. Created cardinal-priest by Pope Urban IV. Papal legate to France, where he pushed for reforms. Chosen 189th pope in 1281.

Due to anti-French sentiment in Rome, he was unable to return to the Vatican. His papacy became known for political machinations. He supported the Angevin dynasty in Sicily and southern Italy. Supported Charles of Anjou’s attempt to restore the Latin Empire of Constantinople. Excommunicated Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII, which sacrificed the 1274 union of East and West made at Lyons. After the revolt known as the Sicilian Vespers, he turned his power against Peter III of Aragón who had been chosen king of Sicily.

De Brie adopted the name Martin IV because two popes named Marinus were thought to have been named Martin. He is actually only the second pope named Martin.

Birth

  • in Montpensier, France as Simon de Brie

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Martin IV”. Saints.SQPN.com. 4 April 2012. Web. 20 September 2014. <http://saints.sqpn.com/pope-martin-iv/>