Pope Innocent X

[Pope Innocent X]
Also known as
Giambattista Pamfili
Son of Camillo Pamfili and Flaminia de Bubalis. He studied law at the Collegio Romano, and graduated at age twenty. Consistorial advocate and auditor of the Rota for Pope Clement VIII. Papal nuncio to Naples for Pope Gregory XV. Assistant to the cardinal legate to France and Spain under Pope Urban VIII. Latin Patriarch of Antioch. Papal nuncio at Madrid, Spain. Cardinal-priest of Sant' Eusebio on 30 August 1626. Member of the congregations of the Council of Trent, the Inquisition, and Jurisdiction and Immunity. Chosen pope as a comprimise candidate among the warring French and Spanish factions in the College of Cardinals.

He was immediately wrapped up in the politics of the day, a time when the politics were literally cut-throat. He was often irresolute, suspicious of everyone, and dependent for advice on his brother's widow, Donna Olimpia Maidalchini. Because some of the corrupt officials were known to slip outside the papal states with public money, he issued a bull ordering that cardinals who left without permission could not return for six months, and were put on a course to lose their cardinalate and all its perks. The French objected so strongly that troops were sent to the Papal States. On 26 November 1648 he issued a bull which nullified the articles in the Peace of Westphalia that were against Catholicism. On 31 May 1653 he condemned five propositions from the "Augustinus" of Jansenius, which helped start the great Jansenist controversy in France.
6 May 1574 in Rome, Italy as Giambattista Pamfili
15 September 1644
7 January 1655 in Rome, Italy of natural causes
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Additional Information
Catholic Encyclopedia
New Catholic Dictionary
1644: Saint Bernard Tolomeo
1645: Saint Philip Benizi
1649: Saint Nicholas of Flüe
1650: Saint John of Capistrano
1654: Saint Bernardine of Feltre
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