Roman Martyrology, January 1st

This Day, the First Day of January

The Circumcision of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Octave of His Nativity.

At Rome, Saint Almachius, martyr, who, by the command of Alipius, governor of the city, was killed by the gladiators for saying, “Today is the Octave of our Lord’s birth; put an end to the worship of idols, and abstain from unclean sacrifices.”

In the same city, on the Appian way, the crowning with martyrdom of thirty holy soldiers, under the emperor Diocletian.

Also at Rome, under the emperor Alexander, Saint Martina, virgin, who endured various kinds of torments, and being beheaded, received the palm of martyrdom. Her feast is kept on the 30th of this month.

At Spoleto, in the time of the emperor Antoninus, Saint Concordius, priest and martyr, who was beaten with clubs, and then put to the torture. After a long confinement in prison, where he was visited by an angel, he lost his life by the sword.

The same day, Saint Magnus, martyr.

At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, the demise of Saint Basil, bishop, whose festival is kept on the 14th of June, the date of his consecration as bishop.

In Africa, Saint Fulgentius, bishop of Buspoe, who suffered much from the Arians during the persecution of the Vandals, for holding the Catholic faith and teaching its excellent doctrine. After being banished to Sardinia, he was permitted to return to his diocese, where he ended his life by a holy death, leaving a reputation for sanctity and eloquence.

At Chieti, in Abruzzo, the birthday of Saint Justin, bishop of that city, illustrious for holiness of life and miracles.

In the diocese of Lyons, in the monastery of Saint Claude, Saint Eugendus, abbot, whose life was eminent for virtues and miracles.

At Souvigny, Saint Odilo, abbot of Cluny, who was the first to prescribe that the commemoration of all the faithful departed should be made in his monasteries the day after the feast of All Saints. This practice was afterwards received and approved by the universal Church.

In Tuscany, on Mount Senario blessed Bonfilius, confessor, one of the seven founders of the Order of the Servites of the blessed Virgin Mary, who, herself, suddenly called her devout servant to Heaven.

At Alexandria, the departure from this world of Saint Euphrosyna, virgin, who was renowned in her monastery for the virtue of abstinence, and the gift of miracles.

And in other places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and virgins.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

V: All ye Holy Martyrs, pray for us
R: Thanks be to God

- Roman Martyrology, 1914, revised edition with the imprimatur of Cardinal James Gibbons