Seminarian at age twelve. Studied at the Pontifical Seminary for Foreign Missions in Rome. Ordained in 1887. Joined the Milan Foreign Missionary Society, the predecessor of the Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions (PIME), in 1888. Missionary in the Shensi Province in China near the Han River in 1888. Transferred to Ningkiang in 1900. Arrested on 20 July 1900 during the anti-Western Boxer Rebellion, he was tortured and murdered. One of the Martyrs of China.
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Hagiography Circle
- Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
- The Vatican: Martyrs in China