Studied in Paris, France. Priest. Head of the cathedral school at Paderborn, Germany. Chaplain to Emperor Henry III, and friend of Empress Agnes. While on a pilgrimage to the Holy Lands in 1064, he and 7,000 other travellers were captured by Saracens; only half of the group survived the captivity and returned to their homes. Bishop of Passau, Germany in 1065. Worked for charity to and education of the poor. Trained Saint Leopold the Good. Tried to enforce Pope Gregory VII‘s rules on simony and celibacy, but corruption was deeply engrained in his diocese, and most of the clergy refused his orders. When he tried to enforce the prohibition on lay investiture, he was banished from the diocese by Henry III. He reported the situation to the Vatican, and was appointed apostolic delegate to Germany. Returned to Passau in 1081, but was quickly driven out again. As best he could, he ruled his diocese from exile, spending his remaining years at the abbey of Gottweig, Austria which he had founded.