Deacon at Pentapolis, Lybia. Tortured and had his tongue cut out and were left for dead, but they all survived and died years later of natural causes. However, because they were willing to die, and because there were attempts to kill them, they are considered martyrs.
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Catholic Online
- Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
- “Saint Irenaeus of Pentapolia“. Saints.SQPN.com. 25 March 2013. Web. 11 December 2013. <>