Parents may have been Jewish, but Julian was raised Christian. Well educated at the local cathedral school. Monk at Agali, Spain. Spiritual student of Saint Eugene II, Archbishop of Toledo, Spain. Abbot at Agali. Archbishop of Toledo in 680. First bishop with primacy over the entire Iberian peninsula, and helped centralize the Spanish Church in Toledo. Presided over several councils and synods. Revised the Mozarbic liturgy. Voluminous writer whose works include Prognostics, a volume on death, and a biography of Visigoth King Wamba. An odd mixture, he was known as a kind and gentle man – but encouraged Spanish kings to deal harshly with Jews.
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Heiligen 3s
- Lives of the Saints, by Father Alban Butler
- Medieval Relgion Listserv, by John Dillon
- Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
- “Saint Julian of Toledo“. Saints.SQPN.com. 7 March 2013. Web. 19 May 2013. <>