- Simon Anglus
- Simon the Englishman
Little is known of his early life. Legend says that at age twelve he began to live as a hermit in a hollow oak tree; the name Stock is believed derived from the old English for tree trunk. Itinerant preacher. Pilgrim to the Holy Lands, but left when invading Muslims chased out Christians. Joined the Carmelite Order soon after its arrival in England.
Simon lived and studied for several years in Rome, Italy and Mount Carmel. Elected sixth general of the Carmelites in 1247 around age 82. He helped the Order spread through England, southern and western Europe. Founded houses in Cambridge, England in 1248, Oxford in 1253, Paris, France in 1260, and Bologna, Italy in 1260. Revised the Rule of the Order to make them mendicant friars instead of hermits.
Regardless of these successes, the Order was oppressed on all sides, including by the clergy and other orders. The friars took their woes to their patroness, the Virgin Mary. Tradition says that in answer, she appeared to Simon bringing him the brown Scapular of Mount Carmel. “This shall be the privilege for you and for all the Carmelites,” she told him, “that anyone dying in this habit shall be saved.” On 13 January 1252 the Order received a letter of protection from Pope Innocent IV, protecting them from harassment.
- 16 May 1265 in the Carmelite monastery at Bordeaux, France of natural causes while on a visit
- skull transferred to the Carmelite friary in Aylesford, England in 1951
- never formally canonized
- venerated by the Carmelites since at least 1564
- the Vatican has approved Carmelite celebration of his feast
- Carmelite friar holding a scapular
- Carmelite friar receiving the scapular from the Blessed Virgin
- Carmelite friar surrounded by and praying for souls in purgatory
- elderly man in a Carmelite habit in prayer
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Carmelnet [español]
- Catholic Encyclopedia, by Joseph Hilgers
- Catholic Online
- Katherine Rabenstein
- Goffine’s Devout Instructions
- Lives of the Saints, by Father Alban Butler
- New Catholic Dictionary
- Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
- Saint Simon Stock and the Brown Scapular
- Saints Alive
- Virgin Giving the Scapular to Saint Simon Stock, by Pierre Puget
Vine ever blossoming,
Virgin who bore a child.
No one is like thee.
Mother gentle and kind.
Yet never touched by man!
To Carmelites give thou the privilege.
Help us Star of the Sea.
- Simon Stock
- “Saint Simon Stock“. Saints.SQPN.com. 8 April 2013. Web. 9 December 2013. <>