Saint Margaret Clitherow
- Also known as
one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
the Pearl of York
25 October as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
- Daughter of Thomas and Jane Middleton, a candle maker and the Sheriff of York for two years.
Married to John Clitherow, wealthy butcher and chamberlain of the city of York, on 8 July 1571.
Converted to Catholicism around 1574.
Imprisoned several times for her conversion, for sheltering priests (including her husband's brother), and for permitting clandestine Masses to be celebrated on her property.
During her trial in Tyburn on 14 March 1586, she refused to answer any of the charges for fear of incriminating her servents and children; both her sons became priests, her daughter a nun.
- 1556 as Margaret Middleton at York, England
pressed to death on Good Friday, 25 March 1586 at York, England
right hand preserved at Saint Mary's Convent, York
- 8 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI
- 15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI
- 25 October 1970 by Pope Paul VI
- Elizabethan houswife kneeling or standing on a heavy wooden door
- Additional Information
Catholic Encyclopedia, by Bede Camm
For All The Saints, by Katherine Rabenstein
One Year Book of Saints, by Father Clifford Stevens
Sacred Heart Parish, Waterlooville, England
Saint Margaret Clitherow of York, Champion of the Mass, by Brother Leo Griffin
Saint Margaret: Mother And Martyr, by Daniel F. McSheffery
The Struggle of a Minority, by Paul Kennedy
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God be thanked, I am not worthy of so good a death as this.
- Saint Margaret, when advised of her sentence
I die for the love of my Lord Jesu.
- Saint Margaret, when asked to confess her crimes before execution